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Learning Approach
and Progression 

Infant/Toddler Approaches to Learning

The first five years of life is a time of wondrous development and learning. Children grow from infants communicating through babbling and crawling on all fours—to toddlers speaking short sentences and beginning to run—to preschoolers telling detailed stories and kicking a ball to a friend. All young children learn in the context of caring, responsive, and stimulating relationships as they explore the world around them.

Yet, the quality of their early experiences can vary dramatically, and this can influence their learning and development. For example, by three years of age, some children have large vocabularies and others have much smaller ones. These differences usually reflect the everyday language experiences that children have with adults as well as other experiential and developmental factors. Such differences can have a lasting impact on later school success. Head Start and other early childhood programs must create stimulating learning environments and implement intentional teaching strategies that ensure all children are ready to succeed in school.

Family engagement and comprehensive services also play critical roles in children’s development and school readiness. 

Emotional & Behavioral Self-Reg.

Emotional and Behavioral Self Regulation

Child manages feelings and emotions with support of familiar adults

Emotional & Behavorial Self Regulation 1

Child manages actions and behavior with support of familiar adults

Emotional & Behavorial Self Regulation 2
Cognitive/Executive Functioning

Cognitive Self-Regulation (Executive Functioning)

 Child maintains focus and sustains attention with support

Cognitive Self Regulation-Executive Function

Child develops the ability to show persistence in actions and behavior

Cognitive Self Regulation (Executive Fun

Child demonstrates the ability to be flexible in actions and behavior

Cognitive Self Regulation-Executive Function
Initiative & Curiosity

Initiative and Curiosity

 Child demonstrates emerging initiative in interactions, experiences, and explorations.

Child Demonstrates Initiative & Curiosity

Child shows interest in and curiosity about objects, materials, or events.

Child Demonstrates Initiative & Curiosity


Child uses creativity to increase understanding and learning.

Child uses creativity to interact

Child shows imagination in play and interactions with others.

Child uses imaginatin in play & interactions
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